This is my Sega Master System. There are many like it, but this one is mine.
…and it’s about to become unlike most.
It was actually a long time ago when I first discovered etim.net.au and this excellent aftermarket product made by Tim Worthington for the Sega Master System (SMS).
The FM (Frequency Modulation) Sound Unit is something that came stock with every Japanese Sega Master System but not in any other SMS model. What it did was simple; it greatly enhanced the audio quality of the Sega Master System.
The Japanese Sega Master System included a Yamaha YM2413 FM synthesis chip along with the standard PSG sound. Many games, some of which were never even released in Japan, contain extra FM sound and music. Installing this board will add FM sound capability to any Master System, Mark III, Game Gear*, or Mega Drive* game console.
If you have a non-Japanese Sega Master System you’ve been listening to ‘Programmable Sound Generator’ (PSG) music and sound. The difference between PSG and FM sound is very noticeable and for several notable games I find the FM sound to be much better.
You can see (in the images below) by looking at my brand new and still in the package Soldering Iron that I’m new to soldering. This is the biggest reason why it has taken me so long to get around to this mod. Fear.
I have a good condition Sega Master System that works perfectly. There is nothing wrong with it and was so afraid of killing it. There is a distinct point of no return when applying this mod…
This is my SMS on the Operating Table
The easy part was purchasing this custom made FM Sound unit from etim. For $71 (after shipping) I acquired this small bit of hardware that would transform my NTSC Sega Master System into what it should have always been. And finally making it an equal to it’s Japanese sibling.
From etim I also found instructions for installing the FM Sound Unit. My FM Unit is version 2.1 and my SMS is NSTC so I knew which instructional diagram to reference.
What I didn’t notice was the appended note that stated:
“Note that the diagram below is incorrect, the white/red indicators are swapped around.”
My Sony chip actually showed a different number. But I was still confident that I was in the right area of the Mother Board.
Yeah, you guessed it. I did it wrong the first time around! But as hard as soldering can be for a novice it’s also forgiving and you can undo many mistakes.
Here’s a close up of my SMS mother board highlighting (in Red) the three areas where the work will be done:
My SMS before the point of no return.
The first step was to install the FM board on the expansion port on the back of the SMS, just behind the cartridge slot. It’s stiff but popped into place very nicely. So far so good!
Next I had to prepare three areas on the motherboard for soldering. This involved scratching away some of the green coating on the PCB (Printed Circuit Board) to expose an area to solder the copper ground from the FM unit.
I also had to remove a capacitor. Cutting off the capacitor at C37 was really the scariest moment of this mod. It really felt like the point of no return. Without this capacitor the SMS would still work but there would be no sound. I discovered this when I had my Red and White wires reversed when testing after my first attempt.
Exposed area for Ground. (Left Square)
Cut off capacitor. Replaced with 2 wires.
I really didn’t feel confident about cutting off the blue capacitor that you see in the image above (left). The capacitor stands on two legs and I cut it off leaving both legs behind. I though doing this would make it easier to solder the two FM wires to remaining legs. After reading a bit more about soldering I think I should have removed the legs and soldered my wires directly into the wholes that would have been left behind had I completely removed the legs. I might revisit this someday.
Here’s a zoomed out image of the finished job:
My newly install FM Sound Unit.
The mod comes with a 3-way switch which easily connects to the FM unit. This switch allows you to toggle the FM unit into 3 modes. Original PSG sound, FM Sound and Japanese FM Sound.
Some Master System games (such as Monster World III: The Dragon’s Trap) would only play the games FM sound on Japanese region systems. This switch allows for all options to ensure you’ll get to hear the magic of FM sound for any game that has it.
Note: My NTSC Monster World III did not play FM sound. Some versions of games had their FM sound code removed. I’m going to guess that Monster World III would play FM sound if I used the Japanese cart (with an adapter to make it fit my NTFS SMS). I don’t have an adapter to test this theory.
I was concerned about the wire for the 3-way switch getting in the way of a cartridge so I wanted to get it completely out of the way. I wrapped up some of the extra length and left enough to snake the switch down past the mother board and through a hole in the plastic of the case that leads to a small compartment on the bottom side of the Sega Master System. This compartment has a removable cover and it was there to support some add-on that Sega never ended up using. For me this was the perfect place to put the switch. It’s hidden but still accessible without having to take the whole case off the SMS. And I didn’t have to further modify my SMS by cutting holes into it.
The idea was that once I got the cover back on the SMS would look pure and unmodified. I’m not opposed to drilling a clean hole to mount the switch but for now I’m happy with this solution.
Snaked the wire under the Board and through the plastic casing.
The original cover will still easy fit into place; completely hiding the switch.
Now it’s time to re-assemble! First put the shield back on… It won’t fit anymore. OK, so my SMS has to endure some more permanent modifications. I cut off all of those metal flaps you see below (left) and folded up the remaining piece so that it was out of the way. The wire cutters you see pictured didn’t work out. I had to switch to full blown tin snips to get the job done.
Now the shield fits! And everything is looking pretty clean and tidy.
And what do I get for all of this effort?
The two video clips below I made from recording the games Miracle Warriors and Golvellius. For each I let the recording run for a full cycle of each selected tune; stopping the recording before the song looped and started again. I then edited the recordings so that the same tune in FM sound would play right after the PSG version. Making it easy to hear the difference.
For Miracle Warriors I chose to compare the PSG and FM version of: the Title Screen, the Travel/Map Screen, the Castle and Combat/Encounter tunes.
I did pretty much the same thing for Golvellius. Comparing the Title Screen, the Story Intro, Old Lady, Dungeon and Above Ground tunes.
For those of you don’t want to commit to listening to close to 14 minutes of comparisons feel free to skip forward through the videos, sampling as much or as little as you like 🙂
I haven’t yet heard the FM versions of all the games that support FM sound but I’ve heard many and to me Miracle Warriors is one that really stands out. I love the FM version for this game.
And while there is also a distinct difference when listening to Golvellius I found that both the PSG and FM sound were good. I can’t say for certain that I like the FM more than the PSG in this particular example. So as much as I am enjoying the FM sounds the default PSG is also pretty good.
Miracle Warriors PSG vs. FM Sound
Golvellius PSG vs. FM Sound
In the video below you can sample FM sound from several different games that support the feature. I’ve noticed that the good SMS games really benefit from the extra polish of the FM sound track. Giving an extra incentive to revisit some old favorites. But for weaker games (like Rampage, Altered Beast and Afterburner) the FM sound isn’t enough to make them more appealing.
I love the change the FM Sound Unit has brought to my Sega Master System.
The games that I think get the most out of FM Sound are Miracle Warriors, Fantasy Zone 2 and Double Dragon.
Note: I actually really like Phantasy Star with FM sound but the English version does not support FM so I’m not able to try it out first hand. There is a translated version with the FM code but it would take some work to get it on a cartridge.
What do you think? Is FM Sound superior, better, different but equal or worse than PSG?
I have to say after making just three solder joints and having this thing work as expected I felt like a GOD!!
Sure, I didn’t design or make the board and I don’t have a clue as to how it works but I applied heat. And that has to count for something.
I’ve taken my first step into a larger world…
It’s really sweet when a mod works out! I’m like you, skill wise, and any attempt is blocked by fear at first.
Great job! Don’t have a SMS but if I get one it’ll get this mod.
Hello martianoddity! Thanks!
I’d recommend this mod to anyone who’s a real Sega Master System fan like i am. But otherwise the cost of the FM unit is the biggest roadblock; more so than the soldering work involved.
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Yeah. 71 dollars is a good amount of money. For an aficionado it’d be worth it though!
I have a boxed Japanese FM master system I was able to have a friend pick up for me when he was visiting Japan. I had it S-video modded and its pretty awesome. Unfortunately when I moved a few years ago It got left in storage. There’s a MS at the local game shop I’ve been eying though I’m starting to wonder if having the actual console has any advantage over just using a power base converter and a genesis especially now that they have those FM power base converters. is there any incompatibilities between the PBC and an actual Master system or is like the PS/1 and PS/2 where theses only one or two obscure Japanese games that won’t work.
I use to use the original Sega Power Base converter with my Genesis a lot back when both were new. Back then I had about 10 or 15 Master System games and they all worked perfectly on my model 1 Genesis with the converter.
I don’t know of any SMS games that will not work on the Genesis.
Very recently (about 1 week ago) I bought the PowerBase MIni FM from StoneAageGamer and it seems to work exactly like the original Power Base except it also offer FM sound for most FM enabled games. It is expensive, but it works very well. *Keep in mind I haven’t had a chance to use it a lot yet. I do recommend it if you’re OK with the cost.
If you’d rather only have one console (the Genesis) I believe you can reliably play Master System games on it with the original Power Base or the new PowerBase FM Mini.
For for the cost you could buy a whole Sega Master System console too! So it’s up to you.
It’s a shame you don’t have your Japanese Master System anymore. That’s a cool collectable!
I may look into that mini power base…though there’s something about the original hardware that’s alluring. I still have that JP master system. its just a few thousand miles away safely tucked into a storage vault
lol! OK, I’m glad you still have it 🙂
I agree about original hardware. I’m really fond of it too. Which is why I wanted to install an FM Unit in my SMS. It’s a really cool mod and not hard to do.
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I installed this recently and the pictures on this page helped a lot (thanks!). The board I received (v2.3) has extra solder points for ground and audio labeled “Loud Output”. I took the ground from there and used the shield area right next to the left the SMSFM board slot. Since it’s already exposed it saved me from scraping the area near C20 making a cleaner look (and easier install). You can check it out here:
Feel free to append the picture to your article if you wish.
Using this with a Master Everdrive and I am having a blast! Sampled many titles but did full play thrus of Golvellius and Scrambled Spirits (FM Style). My favorite game so far is Outrun 3D (using compatible generic LCD glasses). Feels very nerdy when I use all this stuff at the same time. So cool to be able to enjoy this stuff as it was intended.
Have a good one
Thanks very much for the added details. Yes, I would love to include your image in this post to describe the difference with the 2.3 version.
Are you saying you have two ground wires for v2.3?
That short cable that I see in your picture is the new ground wire that I don’t have on my v2.1.
What are the other three? Two to replace the capacitor and one that is now called “Loud Output”?
Where did you find compatible generic LCD glasses for 3D on the Master System? In addition to these glasses do you still need the card adapter to plug the generic glasses into?
> Are you saying you have two ground wires for v2.3?
> That short cable that I see in your picture is the
> new ground wire that I don’t have on my v2.1.
> What are the other three? Two to replace the capacitor
> and one that is now called “Loud Output”?
Yes they are the same red, white and ground wires as your setup. I left that ground unused inside the gray shielding. Instead I provided my own cable and soldered it on the newer GND point on the board. I left the “Loud Output” solder point alone. The short cable I used has jumper endings (for breadboard projects). It doesn’t get in the way of the RF cover once it is set back into place.
Also the newer board requires some assembly (the slot needs to be soldered).
The sound comes out clear (no distortion) so if I am doing it wrong I wouldn’t know. Sounds fine to me!
> Where did you find compatible generic LCD glasses for 3D on the Master System?
Not to derail the topic, but since you asked… I read about the ASUS VR-100 glasses on the SMSPower forums and bought a set long time ago. Last year I wanted to get a second pair and found this generic brand:
I think the seller ships worldwide.
How do they compare? Both glasses are wider (adult sized) than the original kid sized SEGA glasses. The VR-100 is bigger than the generic, bulkier and heavier. They both work the same as the original Sega 3D glasses. If using prescription glasses the generic ones are designed to sit on top of your glasses, are lighter and more comfortable to wear.
> In addition to these glasses do you still need the card adapter to plug the generic glasses into?
Yes. You plug it to the SMS 3D adapter same as you would with the original SEGA glasses. It’s a standard 3.5mm stereo audio plug.
I use a Y splitter cable (like those you use to share music on an mp3 player or smartphone) to hook them both to the 3D adapter at the same time. It’s cool to share the experience with friends and make comparisons with current technology. They are usually amazed that this stuff is so old and yet works so well.
There are a few 3D titles that use FM (Maze Hunter, Outrun 3D, Space Harrier 3D, Poseidon Wars 3D). Even Zaxxon 3D is more interesting to play with the upgraded audio. Outrun and Space Harrier of course being the most notable ones with added 3D effects like rain and different stages for each respectively. The sense of depth works well for both titles.